New Zealand

Photo of a fountain of water spraying 30 meters into the air, showing white against a blue sky dotted with clouds. Underneath the geyser is an orange, green, and grey silica terrace.

New Zealand generates renewable energy using abundant hydro and geothermal resources like the spectacular Pohutu geyser in the Whakarewarewa thermal valley.

Research, policy, and experience in renewable energy make New Zealand a valuable partner and steering committee member of the international partnership for Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN).

Renewable Energy Resources

Renewable energy plays a significant role in New Zealand's primary energy supply. In 2007, 31% of the country's primary energy supply was from renewable sources—largely because of plentiful hydro and geothermal resources. Of the total amount of electricity that New Zealand generated in 2007, 55% came from hydropower, 7.7% from geothermal, 2.2% from wind generation, and 1.7% from bioenergy. The remaining 33.4% came from nonrenewable sources (e.g., gas, coal, oil and waste heat).

Policies and Goals

To encourage further growth in renewable energy, the New Zealand government has established aggressive goals, including generating 90% of electricity from renewable sources by 2025.

Research and Development

The New Zealand government is also boosting funding for research and development, including

  • Supporting the National Energy Research Institute (NERI) to improve New Zealand's response to energy challenges
  • Providing $8 million over four years to deploy marine-generation devices
  • Dedicating $4 million per annum to support new low-carbon energy technologies
  • Facilitating participation in international technology and collaborative research efforts.