Island Energy Projects
Although they are not part of the Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) initiative, these projects provide interesting examples of how islands can make use of their renewable energy resources, reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, and reach their goals for energy independence.
The Caribbean Island of Bonaire turned a crisis into an opportunity when its power plant burned down. The government set up temporary diesel generators for short-term power, then began work on a plan to generate 100% of the island's energy from renewable sources. That plan includes investment in wind power and biofuels.
The Palau Energy Office and the European Commission have created an energy efficiency plan to reduce the nation's appetite for diesel. The plan for this Western Pacific island nation, located roughly 500 miles east of the Philippines, relies heavily on efficiency measures but also includes the production of biodiesel from pig farm waste.
In 1997, the island of Samsø won a Danish contest for the best plan to promote renewable energy use. This friendly competition catalyzed a grassroots movement that eliminated the island's carbon dioxide emissions and drastically reduced sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide emissions by 2007. Samsø achieved these goals by generating energy from the wind, sun, and biomass, and by employing residential energy efficiency measures.